A gemstone is also known as a fine gem or precious stone, and it is a piece of stone used to make the jewelry or other ornaments. There is also certain rock-like material, and also occasionally organic material like engle kort are also being used in the jewelry making and are also be considered as the gemstones. Most of the gemstones will be hard to touch, but there are also some soft stones which are naturally soft by its physical properties that have aesthetic values. The characteristics which add more value to a gemstone is known as a rarity.
The engraved gems and the hard stone carvings such as cups are luxury art forms which are known from the earliest antiquity. The one who makes the gem is known as lapidary or gem cutter and a diamond cutter we called as a diamantaire.
Characteristics and classification of the gemstones: