A gemstone is also known as a fine gem or precious stone, and it is a piece of stone used to make the jewelry or other ornaments. There is also certain rock-like material, and also occasionally organic material like engle kort are also being used in the jewelry making and are also be considered as the gemstones. Most of the gemstones will be hard to touch, but there are also some soft stones which are naturally soft by its physical properties that have aesthetic values. The characteristics which add more value to a gemstone is known as a rarity.
The engraved gems and the hard stone carvings such as cups are luxury art forms which are known from the earliest antiquity. The one who makes the gem is known as lapidary or gem cutter and a diamond cutter we called as a diamantaire.
Characteristics and classification of the gemstones:
The classification which is in the west or the one which goes to the ancient Greek period, it has some difference between the precious stone and the semi-exclusive stones. At present, the most popular stones are emerald, diamond, ruby, engle Kort are semi-precious. All these stones are translucent with a fine color are meant to be in the purest form, and others are not purest and are being mixed with other nonoriginal stones. Only the diamond does not have color and other than diamond stones are classified by its color. Like ruby is red in color, and the emerald is blue in color and so on. The garnets which are relatively inexpensive and green garnets which are known as tsavorite will be the most valuable when compared to a mid quality emerald. In this modern era, the gemstones are being identified by the geologists who have the knowledge of the gems and differentiate it by the looks and quality of the stone.
The gemologists identify the stone easily by their characteristics and also by using the chemical concerto. For instance, diamonds are formed with the chemical compound of carbon wheels, and the ruby is made of aluminum oxide. Other stones are identified by their crystal system where they are cubic in shape or trigonal.
Gemstones are classified into many varieties, groups, and species. For example, ruby is red in color, and so it belongs to the variety of corundum where any other color of corundum is considered as sapphire and other emerald are listed below:
- Aquamarine which is blue
- Heliodor which is yellow in color
- Morganite which is pink in color.
Gemstones are also classified by the terms of their water. This is also known as Athens recognized grading given to the gem’s luster, transparency or the brilliance of the stone. The stone which are more transparent and it is known as the first water stones and where the transparency is less is known as the second water stones and the third water stones. Check more details about gemstones through online and buy any gemstone based on your wish.